The tall girl stood out like a sore thumb. It was as easy as shooting fish in a barrel.
June 14, The AP English Literature rhetorical terms defined and described below are only a sampling of the many concepts that could appear on the test.
However, these 15 terms are some of the must-know concepts necessary for success in the English Literature exam. Studying These Terms I personally found writing the words and their definitions over and over again, an approach known as inculcation, to be the best way for me to master this vocabulary before I took the AP English Literature exam.
Compartmentalization is a very useful study skill we can employ in exploring AP English Literature rhetorical terms. Try not to consider the list as a whole.
Consider the 15 rhetorical terms below the first set of words for you to study. Alliteration The repetition of the same initial consonants of words or of stressed syllables in any sequence of neighboring words Purpose: Alliteration highlights a particular part of a piece through the repetition of initial consonants.
The repetition of certain sounds creates emphasizes not only the words in the passage themselves but on the pattern, creating a musical effect. Allusion An indirect or passing reference to an event, person, place, or artistic work Purpose: More often than not, an allusion in a literary work refers to some feature of another, previous literary work.
Analogy Comparing two things or instances in time often based on their structure and used to explain a complex idea in simpler terms Purpose: Antithesis A device used to create contrast by placing two parallel but opposite ideas in a sentence Purpose: Antithesis literally means opposite, but the rhetorical definition calls for parallel structures of contrasting words or clauses.
These opposing words or clauses are placed in close proximity within a sentence in order to create a focal point for the reader. Consonance Repetition of consonant sounds two or more times in short succession within a sentence or phrase Purpose: Consonance is, again, a device used by writers in order to create focus on a particular part of a piece.
In many cases, consonance appears in poetry as a device used to create slant rhymes. This is important to define because understanding diction allows the reader to identify other concepts like the tone of a piece, the intended audience, or even the era in which the piece was written.
Notice repetitive words, phrases, and thoughts. Ellipsis When one or more words are omitted from a sentence Purpose: Often, ellipsis is used to omit some parts of a sentence or even an entire story, forcing the reader to figuratively fill in the gaps. This heavily depends on the reader being not only invested but also immersed in the story enough to care about what happens during those gaps.
Ethos A characteristic spirit of a given culture, era, or community or its beliefs; Ethos, in purely rhetorical terms, is a label used to identify an appeal to the ethics of a culture or individual Purpose: Identifying an ethical appeal will be of particular use to readers when analyzing the work of the ancients.
Consider the overlap between diction and appeal. Hyperbole An intentionally exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally but creating a desired humorous effect Purpose: A hyperbole involves exaggeration in order to create emphasis.
Imagery Visually descriptive or figurative language Purpose: Imagery is used to characterize objects, actions, and ideas in a way that appeals to our physical senses. The true purpose of imagery is to create a visual imagination of the scenarios or things being described.
Again, consider the diction of the piece.
Evocative words that arouse the senses—touch, sight, smell, etc. A writer utilizes irony to show that the words they use do not necessarily represent their intended meaning.
Further, irony can be manifest as a situation that does not pan out the way that the audience, speaker, or characters believe it will. We know and see that a large man is not, in fact, tiny, yet we employ the nickname ironically.
Oxymoron A figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction Purpose: An oxymoron is a juxtaposition of two opposing words with the intended effect of creating emphasis through the nonsensical nature of this device.If you print or download from this site, please consider making at least a $ donation through PayPal.
Sandra Effinger [email protected] DropBox Access -- Binder from summer workshops ( pages), various lists and handouts housed on my r etired AP English page have been migrated.
An invitation will be issued to $ donors. AP Literature Terms & Literary Terms/Devices Metaphor - A figurative use of language in which a comparison is expressed without the use of a comparative term like “as or tactile images evoked by the words of a literary work or the images that figurative language evokes.
When an AP question asks you to discuss the images or imagery of. Improve your students’ reading comprehension with ReadWorks.
Access thousands of high-quality, free K articles, and create online assignments with them for your students. La Quinta High School is a public high school serving students in grades and is located in Westminster, California.
§ Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, High School, Beginning with School Year Figurative language can appear in multiple forms with the use of different literary and rhetorical devices.
According to Merriam Webster’s Encyclopedia, figurative language has five different forms.