While in Europe he was introduced to the ideas of the Enlightenment, later motivating him to overthrow the reigning Spanish.
Called the Liberator, he was the greatest military figure of South America.
His parents belonged to the aristocratic upper classthe Creoles. Orphaned at the age of 9, the boy early showed traits of independence and a strong will. Sent to Madrid in to complete his education, he came under the tutelage of an uncle who secured the proper instruction for the young aristocrat, which included his acquaintance with the decadent court of Charles IV and some of the noble families of Madrid.
In the couple went to Caracas, where after only 6 months of wedded life the young wife died.
Fight for Independence Expressions of unrest and rebellion already existed in Hispanic America, but it was not until that the independence movement disturbed the solid structure of the Spanish Empire.
That year Napoleon occupied the Iberian Peninsuladeposed the Bourbon dynasty, and appointed his brother Joseph king of Spain. All the colonies refused to recognize the usurper but were divided about the policy they should pursue.
Some continued to adhere to the Spanish royal family, but others were bent upon independence and self-government. The struggle was waged from Mexico to Cape Hornbut two provinces took the lead: Argentina, then called the Viceroyalty of La Plataand Venezuela.
On April 19,the Spanish captain general in Caracas was overthrown, and a junta of native citizens took over his duties. Three months later he was sent to London to obtain England's assistance, but his mission was a failure. He returned to Venezuela, and was followed by Francisco de Mirandaa leader in the conflict with Spain.
In July Venezuela cut its ties with Spain and proclaimed its independence, but this "First Republic" was a flimsy structure and soon came under counter revolutionary attack. He was appointed dictator but was soon faced with internal dissensions which led to civil war.
Again forced to flee, he took refuge in Jamaica and again tried to engage British support for his cause. Although this effort came to naught, one of his most celebrated manifestos was composed there: There he found an untapped reservoir of raw material and manpower.
It was to be composed of Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador and to be governed by a president appointed for life and by an aristocracy made up of the patriots who had fought for their freedom. The Colombian Republic was proclaimed in December But his imperial dreams had grown.
These secret meetings have been the source of considerable speculation, but the outcome was clear: Sucre, whom he left to terminate the campaign, inflicted a crushing defeat on the Spanish at Ayacucho in December The fight for independence had been won.
He was president of Colombia, dictator of Peru, and president of the newly created Bolivia, a region which had been called Upper Peru in colonial times and had once belonged to the Viceroyalty of La Plata.
He had another plan for the countries he had liberated—Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia; he wanted to unite them in a Federation of the Andes, with himself as president and with the Bolivian constitution as the permanent basis of government.Simon Bolivar: Liberator of Latin America by Scott S.
Smith. Simon Bolivar. Simon Bolivar (SEE-mohn boh-LEE-vahr) was one of the most powerful figures in world political history, leading the independence movement for six nations (an area the size of modern Europe), with a personal story that is . Venezuelan Simon Bolivar was the most important leader of South America's Independence movement.
Young Simon was an arrogant, hyperactive lad who often had disagreements with his tutors. He was schooled at the finest schools that Caracas had to offer.
What Happened During Venezuela's War for Independence from Spain? This is a biography of Simon Bolivar who liberated Latin America from Spanish control.
Written by Scott S. Smith. Simon was reared by an uncle with a tutor who exposed him to the writers of the Enlightenment, such as Voltaire and Rousseau, who were inspirations for the French Revolution. The fight for the independence of Venezuela. Start studying Chapters 7 + 8.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. city became important in eventual Brazilian independence as waning Portuguese control center. well-educated elites influenced by Enlightenment idea.
Learn more about his fight for Spanish-American independence at ashio-midori.com and copper mines they owned in Venezuela. Young Bolívar moved to Spain in after the deaths of his parents Born: Jul 24, emphasizes inequality of social system and reflecting another aspect of enlightenment thought Mexico motives for revolution oppression of Amerindian people, creole desire for independence, and the motivation to establish a republican government.