Rozul John Weber G. Ruiz Ronn Kevin U. Santos Eddie Rae A. Vallejos December Causes, Impacts of Political Dynasty 2 Acknowledgment The researchers would like to give their gratitude to the following that made this study possible:
Definition[ edit ] Political dynasties refer to family units with members involved in government activities. In the Philippines, political dynasties refer to groups of Political dynasty outline who come from the same family.
The group in question is usually associated with a certain province or city, which members of the family have led or represented for successive generations.
This can occur in two ways. One way is for members of a family to occupy a same certain government position in every term. Once the term of the member of a political dynasty runs out, a relative of the incumbent will Political dynasty outline in his stead, thus ensuring political dominance.
The second way is for a number of family members to occupy government positions at the same time. There have been bills that attempt to define a political dynasty such as the Anti-Dynasty Bill. However, such attempt usually miscarry and end in failure, as proven by the defeat of the Anti-Dynasty Bill in Philippine Congress on February 2, The closest explicit mention of political dynasties in Philippine law can be seen in Republic Act or the Local Government Code, where Book I, Title Two, Chapter 1, Section 43 states the term limit of local government officials.
However, it does not include any limitations on the running of the incumbent's family relations or on the holding of multiple political positions by members of the same family.
Provided, That all local officials first elected during the local elections immediately following the ratification of the Constitution shall serve until noon of June 30, Voluntary renunciation of the office for any length of time shall not be considered as an interruption in the continuity of service for the full term for which the elective official concerned was elected.
Several bills have been filed in relation to the prohibition of political dynasties, and are currently pending to be approved by the Congress. Many have called for the Congress to pass the Anti-Dynasty Law, but this bill has been passed over by each Congress since On January 24,Senator Miriam Defensor Santiago filed Senate Bill which prohibits political dynasties from holding or running for elected local government positions.
The bill disqualifies the following candidates from running for local government positions: The bill also prohibits relatives within the prohibited civil degree of relationship of an incumbent from succeeding to the incumbent's position, except for the positions of Punong Barangay and Sangguniang Barangay.
Three bills were filed in the House of Representatives which are also in relation to the prohibition of political dynasties, which are similar in content to Senate Bill In fact, in the yearsan average of In the elections, of the 83 congressmen elected on to their third term, 36 of them were replaced by a relative in the succeeding elections.
The term "relative" here referring to anyone with a familial connection such as a wife, a son or daughter, a cousin, etc. In many of these cases, the people who would eventually go on to take their place had no previous political background or experience save their familial connection.
Those with ties to the 12th, 13th, 14th and 15th Congress as well as at least one family member elected into a local government unit between the years and Category 2: Those with familial connections to at least one person belonging to the 12th, 13th, or 14th Congress Category 3: Those who share kinship with at least one person belonging to the 12th, 13th, or 14th dynasty, or at least one relative with a local government unit LGU position from the, or elections Category 4: Those with at least one relation in the 12th, 13th, or 14th Congress or holding a local government unit LGU position in the elections in between and In a population of legislators in the 15th Congress, of them are classified as belonging to the fourth category.
Of thoseof them also belong to the third category.
Often, these articles hold these said persons and families in a critical light. A study that used empirical data correlated political dynasty presence with socio-economic development.
This study stated that "this partial correlation coefficient finds a positive relationship between poverty incidence and the proportion of political dynasties in each province. The "Carnegie Effect" is based on Carnegie's decision to give all his wealth to non-family members, where he argues that his son might have less incentive of working hard if he were to be assured of his father's wealth.
Dynastic politicians have a significant advantage from the start of their political career They have a statistically higher probability, due to factors like popularity and incumbency advantage, to win elections when pitted against politicians with no such political networks. Dynastic politicians also have generally lower educational attainment, because of their reliance on dynastic connections rather than bureaucratic or academic competence for their position.Political dynasties are slowly sweeping our ways to efficiency, thus, pulling us down towards the marginalized section of society.
Yes we have an anti-dynasty proviso\ion written in the constitution, but it is useless unless a legislation to impose it is passed by the Congress.5/5(2).
Political Dynasty in the Philippines Political dynasty is very prevalent in our country for a long time now. The Philippine Constitution, Article II, Section 26 states “The State shall guarantee equal access to opportunities for public service and prohibit political dynasties as may be defined by law”.
Political dynasty is a continuous governance of members of the same clan. According to Querubin (), it is also a form of elite persistence.
Political dynasties must be forbidded in order to stop the rampant political and peculiar self-interests. Causes, Impacts of Political Dynasty 1 The Causes and Impacts of the Political Dynasties in the Political Sphere of the Philippines A Research Paper Presented to Professor Edward Jay M.
Quinto Mapúa Institute of Technology in partial fulfillment of the requirements in English for Academic Purposes 2 (ENG11) by Raymond M.
Rozario . Samuel Choi CHAPTER 14 OUTLINE The Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in China The Sui Dynasty Establishment of the Dynasty Yiang Jian was the first Sui ruler Yang Jian appointed Duke of Sui in Northern China by Turkish ruler, who died in , left a 7-year old heir Yang Jian installed the boy as leader, but forced his abdication a year later and claimed the mandate of heaven.
Due to the increasing number of political dynasties in the Philippines, majority of the positions in government are held by politicians that are members of political dynasties.
In fact, in the years , an average of % of all congressmen and % of governors were replaced by relatives.