Piracy and its regulations

Advanced Search Abstract Attacks against ships off the coast of Somalia have brought piracy to the forefront of international attention, including that of the Security Council. SC Resolution of and others broaden the scope of the existing narrow international law rules on piracy, especially authorizing certain states to enter the Somali territorial waters in a manner consistent with action permitted on the high seas. Although such authorization seems unnecessary for resolutions adopted under Chapter VII, there are various reasons for this, among which to avoid discussions concerning the width of the Somali territorial sea. Their main concern is the human rights of the captured individuals.

Piracy and its regulations

The Aegean coast suffered similar attacks a few years later. In the process, the Goths seized enormous booty and took thousands into captivity. Middle Ages A fleet of Vikingspainted midth century The most widely known and far-reaching pirates in medieval Europe were the Vikingsseaborne warriors from Scandinavia who raided and looted mainly between the 8th and 12th centuries, during the Viking Age in the Early Middle Ages.

They raided the coasts, rivers and inland cities of all Western Europe as far as Sevillewhich was attacked by the Norse in Vikings also attacked the coasts of North Africa and Italy and plundered all the coasts of the Baltic Sea.

The lack of centralized powers all over Europe during the Middle Ages enabled pirates to attack ships and coastal areas all over the continent. Toward the end of the 9th century, Moorish pirate havens were established along the coast of southern France and northern Italy.

Inthe bishop of Narbonne was unable to return to France from Rome because the Moors from Fraxinet controlled all the passes in the Alps. Moor pirates operated out of the Balearic Islands in the 10th century.

From to Arab pirates in the Emirate of Crete raided the entire Mediterranean. In the 14th century, raids by Moor pirates forced the Venetian Duke of Crete to ask Venice to keep its fleet on constant guard.

By they invaded southern Italy and assaulted Siponto. Their raids in the Adriatic increased rapidly, until the whole Sea was no longer safe for travel. The Narentines took Piracy and its regulations liberties in their raiding quests while the Venetian Navy was abroad, as when it was campaigning in Sicilian waters in — As soon as the Venetian fleet would return to the Adriatic, the Narentines temporarily abandoned their habits again, even signing a Treaty in Venice and baptising their Slavic pagan leader into Christianity.

Later, they raided the Venetians more often, together with the Arabs.

Piracy and its regulations

Inthe Narentines broke through to Venice itself and raided its lagoon city of Caorle. This caused a Byzantine military action against them that finally brought Christianity to them.

After the Arab raids on the Adriatic coast circa and the retreat of the Imperial Navy, the Narentines continued their raids of Venetian waters, causing new conflicts with the Italians in — The Venetians futilely continued to fight them throughout the 10th and 11th centuries.

Piracy became endemic in the Baltic sea in the Middle Ages. Athelstan drove them back. In the 12th century the coasts of western Scandinavia were plundered by Curonians and Oeselians from the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea. In the 13th and 14th century, pirates threatened the Hanseatic routes and nearly brought sea trade to the brink of extinction.

The Victual Brothers of Gotland were a companionship of privateers who later turned to piracy as the Likedeelers. Until aboutmaritime trade in both the North Sea and the Baltic Sea was seriously in danger of attack by the pirates.

Thomas Milhorn mentions a certain Englishman named William Maurice, convicted of piracy inas the first person known to have been hanged, drawn and quartered[15] which would indicate that the then-ruling King Henry III took an especially severe view of this crime.

The ushkuiniks were Novgorodian pirates who looted the cities on the Volga and Kama Rivers in the 14th century.

The Maniots considered piracy as a legitimate response to the fact that their land was poor and it became their main source of income. The main victims of Maniot pirates were the Ottomans but the Maniots also targeted ships of European countries. Zaporizhian Sich was a pirate republic in Europe from the 16th through to the 18th century.

Situated in Cossack territory in the remote steppe of Eastern Europeit was populated with Ukrainian peasants that had run away from their feudal masters, outlaws, destitute gentry, run-away slaves from Turkish galleysetc.

The remoteness of the place and the rapids at the Dnepr river effectively guarded the place from invasions of vengeful powers. The main target of the inhabitants of Zaporizhian Sich who called themselves "Cossacks" were rich settlements at the Black Sea shores of Ottoman Empire and Crimean Khanate.

Ancient Mediterranean piracy Mosaic of a Roman trireme in Tunisia The earliest documented instances of piracy are the exploits of the Sea Peoples who threatened the ships sailing in the Aegean and Mediterranean waters in the 14th century BC. In classical antiquitythe PhoeniciansIllyrians and Tyrrhenians were known as pirates.

In the pre-classical era, the ancient Greeks condoned piracy as a viable profession; it apparently was widespread and "regarded as an entirely honourable way of making a living". By the era of Classical Greecepiracy was looked upon as a "disgrace" to have as a profession.

Among some of the most famous ancient pirateering peoples were the Illyrians, a people populating the western Balkan peninsula. It was not until BC when the Romans finally decisively beat the Illyrian fleets that their threat was ended.Its members comprise the most vibrant record industry in the world, investing in great artists to help them reach their potential and connect to their fans.

Nearly 85% of all legitimate recorded music produced and sold in the United States is created, manufactured or distributed by RIAA members.

Piracy: Piracy, any robbery or other violent action, for private ends and without authorization by public authority, committed on the seas or in the air outside the normal jurisdiction of any state.

Because piracy has been regarded as an offense against the law of nations, the public vessels of any state. Piracy The act of violence or depredation on the high seas; also, the theft of Intellectual Property, especially in electronic media. Piracy is a crime with ancient origins.

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As long as there have been ships at sea, pirates have sought to steal from them. Internationally, laws against piracy have ancient origins, too, but U.S. law developed chiefly in. Guidelines for Owners, Operators and Masters for protection against piracy in the Gulf of Guinea region V2 June to entering the area described in Section 2 above.

The Recording Industry Association of America® (RIAA) is the trade organization that supports and promotes the creative and financial vitality of the major music companies. Its members comprise the most vibrant record industry in the world, investing in great artists to help them reach their potential and connect to their fans.

The IMO has within its mandate to make trade and travel by sea as safe and secure as possible. To manage and mitigate any threats with the potential to compromise maritime security the Organization develops suitable regulations and guidance through the Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) and with input from the Organization's Facilitation Committee (FAL.

Piracy - Wikipedia