Philosophical reflection essay

Descartes says that Q; however, the following thought-experiment will show that Q is not true Descartes says that Q.

Philosophical reflection essay

Philosophical Reflections Henry Flynt This essay was published in Blueprint for a Higher Civilization along with the rest of my early philosophy.

The importance of of its comments in my syllabus should be obvious. So it is that I include it in this selection of my writings; and do not want to tamper with it. On the other hand, it is striking how much better-aimed my research program has become in the twenty-five or so years since I wrote this.

For that reason, I provide some afterthoughts at the end. If language is nonsense, why do we seem to have it? How do these intricate pseudo-significant structures arise? If beliefs are self-deceiving, why are they there? Why are we so skilled in the self-deceptive reflex that I find in language and belief?

Why are we so fluent in thinking in self-vitiating concepts? Granting that language and belief are mistakes, are mistakes of this degree of complexity made for nothing? Is not the very ability to concoct an apparently significant, self-vitiating and self-deceiving structure a transcendent ability, one that points to something non-immediate?

Do not these conceptual gymnastics, even if self-vitiating, make us superior to the mindless animals? Such questions tempt one to engage in a sort of philosophical anthropology, using in part the method of introspection. Beliefs could be explained as arising in an attempt to deal with experienced frustrations by denying them in thought.

The origin of Christian Science and magic would thereby be explained. Further, we could postulate a primal anxiety-reaction to raw experience. This anxiety would be lessened by mythologies and explanatory beliefs. The frustration and the anxiety-reaction would be primal non-cognitive needs for beliefs.

Going even farther, we could suppose that a being which could apprehend the whole universe through direct experience would have no need of beliefs. Beliefs would be a rickety method of coping with the limited range of our perception, a method by which our imperfect brains cope with the world.

Philosophical reflection essay

There would be an analogy with the physicist's use of phantom models to make experimental observations easier to comprehend. However, there are two overwhelming objections to this philosophical anthropology. First, it purports to study the human mind as a derivative phenomenon, to study it from a God-like perspective.

The philosophical anthropology thus consists of beliefs which are subject to the same objections as any other beliefs. It is on a par with any other beliefs; it has no privileged position.

Specifically, it is is in competition not only with my philosophy but with other accounts of the mind-reality relation, such as behaviorism, Platonism, and Thomism. And my philosophy provides me with no basis to defend my philosophical anthropology against their philosophical anthropologies.

My philosophy doesn't even provide me with a basis to defend my philosophical anthropology against its own negation. In short, the paradoxes which my philosophy uncovers must remain unexplained and unresolved. The other objection to my philosophical anthropology is that its implications are unnecessarily conservative.

An explanation of why people do something wrong can become an assertion that it is necessary to do wrong and finally a justification for doing wrong.

But just because I tend, for example, to construe my perceptions as confirmations of propositions about phenomena beyond my experience does not mean that I must think in this way.

To explain the modern cognitive orientation by philosophical anthropology tends to absolutize it and to conceal its depensability. There are more legitimate tasks for the introspective "anthropology" of beliefs than trying to find primal non-cognitive needs for beliefs. Presupposing the analysis of beliefs as mental acts and self-deception which I have made elsewhere, we need to examine closely the boundary line between beliefs and non-credulous mental activity.

Is my fear of jumping out of the window a belief? In psychological terms, a conditioned reflex does not require propositional thought.

Is my identification of an object in different spatial orientations relative to my field of vision as "the same object" a belief?

Apparently, but this is very ambiguous. Is my identification of tactile and visual "pencil-perceptions" as aspects of a single object identity of the object as it is experienced through different senses a belief?

It is possible to subjectively classify bodily movements according to whether they are intentional, because drunken awkwardness, adolescent awkwardness, and movements under Electrical Stimulation of the Brain [1] are clearly unintentional. Then does intentional movement of my hand require a belief that I can move my hand?Philosophical problems and philosophical writing require careful and extended reflection.

Don't wait until two or three nights before the paper is due to begin. That is very stupid. Writing a good philosophy paper takes a great deal of preparation.

A kind of complaint that is common in undergraduate philosophy papers goes like this. This sample paper on (Sample Argumentative Essay Paper on Philosophical Reflection) was uploaded by one our contributors and does not necessarily reflect how our professionals write our papers.

Reflective essay. One aspect of assessment which can be puzzling is the distinction between the two main types of essays you will be asked to write, the research essay and the reflective essay. Henry David Thoreau was an inexhaustible writer that encompassed poetry and philosophy within his narratives and created a style of writing that, for his time, was difficult to define and categorize.

Philosophical reflection is the careful examination of life situations. This involves the weighing of several alternatives and using specific standards to evaluate one’s actions. A man reflects philosophically when he is able to build on previous actions, events, or decisions. Philosophical problems and philosophical writing require careful and extended reflection.

Don't wait until two or three nights before the paper is due to begin. That is very stupid. Writing a good philosophy paper takes a great deal of preparation.

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