Seizing the Initiative Through Creative Thinking Versus Reacting to the Enemy local copyby Grothe, SAMS paper, Leadership must be committed to learning, underwrite experimentation, and create an environment that generates creative thought and innovation. Doctrine must incorporate more aspects of innovation, creative and critical thinking and innovative leadership. The most critical area the Army must focus change in is within Professional Military Education for field grade officers. When words represent some indistinct idea, they are susceptible to reinvention or distortion with potentially significant unintended consequences.
This article was first printed by California Management Review, in summer vol. It also offers an operational guide in tabular form on the meaning, management, and marketing of the public trust in nonprofit organizations.
It identifies five core nonprofit-public transactions: These transactions distinguish nonprofits from firms. Breakdowns in these transactions are likely to be significant enough to have meaningful consequences and reverberate throughout the organizational structure.
In the same way, a relationship message to cure the effects of a transactional impairment might have a positive spillover to the organization. Thus, the greatest favorable impact will be achieved when the concepts and messages apply positively to both the transaction and the organization.
At least six antecedents or conditions can modify the favorable impact of any relationship marketing message including the most contrite by a nonprofit organization: Concepts of the Public Trust in the Nonprofit Organization The literature on trust, social capital, and nonprofit or voluntary organizations primarily views the nonprofit as an incubator of trust for its own internal cohesion.
This draws from organizational theory. This calls for a different logic. The relationship between the nonprofit and the public can be framed as the reciprocity of expectations. Piotr Sztompka phrases it as a wager that the other party will perform as expected.
Another way of describing this relationship is principal-agent, where the nonprofit the agent serves a public purpose—the public being the principal—in exchange for tax benefits.
The operative trusts are trust of specific performance as agreed and custodial trust over the assets the public invested in and which are held by the nonprofit so that it may perform as agreed in its mission.
In agency theory, an agent is hired partly because the principal needs to rely on the discretion of the agent if information is asymmetric—the agent has superior or timelier information.
As Mark Granovetter notes, trust is the confidence that others will do the right thing even with incentives to the contrary. Put another way, the asymmetry in the information between the producer and the client and the need for the client to rely on the producer lead to the creation and perpetuation of a relationship with a nonprofit organization unburdened by profit needs or, as Avner Ben-Ner and Theresa Van Hoomissen note, by the control of outsiders.
This includes its cognitive image9 or its social capital shared goals, norms, values, and networks.
A trusts B because A and B share a common identity and all that implies in terms of goals, norms, values, experiences, and expectations or because A identifies him- or herself with an organization or purpose that B trusts. The product of this relationship is its contribution to identity, including prestige, social standing, and identity from affiliation.
George Akerlof and Rachel Kranton link identity with the sociological content of an organization and how it projects itself. This implies that the social capital that an organization projects induces the public to enter into certain relationships with it, i. Trust in social capital and its reflection in the identities of those exposed to it take on special relevance for nonprofits that are membership groups—including religious or faith groups and fraternal associations.
Their members choose them and their members reflect them. Several organizations may encapsulate the same mission, but they may use different social capital in doing so.
Thus, trust in the mission is conceptually different from trust in the social capital or trust in contracts. Based on the above, seven concepts of the public trust are relevant to the nonprofit-public relationship and to this article: Concepts of a Restorative Message Applicable to a Nonprofit Scholarship shows that relationship marketing—based on social exchange where the rewards are not always pecuniary—applies to nonprofit organizations.
In their work on relationship marketing, Morgan and Hunt find that enduring relationships are based on a bilateral and utilitarian commitment each party has a need the other can satisfy and each can rely on the other.
Gambetta28 and Niklas Luhmann29 see trust as important when the parties feel at risk, vulnerable, and uncertain—i.Be sure to email us to subscribe to our bi-monthly e-newsletter. Published by the Giving Common Initiative for nonprofits in Massachusetts, the Nonprofit Update shares funding opportunities, capacity building resources, nonprofit sector content, ashio-midori.com news and local workshops and webinars to propel nonprofit organization impact.
The Armenian Economic Association NGO is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, organization dedicated to promoting Armenian scholarship in economics. The aims of the Armenian Economic Association (AEA) are: voluntary spirit of its members, event participants, and donor community. Donations. This is one in a series of Working Papers produced by The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project, a collaborative effort by scholars in over twenty countries to understand the scope, structure, and role of the nonprofit sector using a common framework and approach.
Discussion Board 1 Toward Nonprofit Organization Reform in the Voluntary Spirit Lessons from the Internet 1.
Compare and contrast the economic model and. PROVIDENCE, R.I. — For the record, democracy has a pulse in Precinct The roughly three-block rectangle of city streets surrounding Roger Williams National Memorial had garnered the. Leadership Style in Nonprofit Organizations, the Mexican Case Dra.
Cecilia Ramos Estrada least squares and show that the model of transformational leadership is adequate to explain the leadership a greater need to adapt to changing economic means, and need to encourage team spirit, sense of belonging, inspiration, motivation, and.