However, because predicting orthology is computationally intensive at large scale, and most pipelines relatively inaccessible, less precise homology-based functional transfer is still the default for meta- genome annotation. We therefore developed eggNOG-mapper, a tool for functional annotation of large sets of sequences based on fast orthology assignments using precomputed clusters and phylogenies from eggNOG. To validate our method, we benchmarked Gene Ontology predictions against two widely used homology-based approaches:
In the autumn ofI spent three months on the Orkney Islands in Scotland, where I delved into the worlds of inshore shellfish fisheries and marine spatial planning. Marine spatial planning is a relatively new tool for marine governance designed to manage the use of marine space while minimizing user-user and user-environment conflicts.
The marine environment around the Orkney Islands is an important natural asset for the island communities. Sincethe inshore waters around the Orkney Islands and the North East coast of Scotland have also become sites for marine renewable energy developments. Controversy over the allocation of marine space for these developments, have led to the set-up of a pilot marine spatial plan for the Pentland Firth and Orkney Waters.
Writing this thesis, I was curious to see how fishermen relate to this new way of looking at and giving direction to the development of marine space. As the waters in which they fish and the fish stocks they target are central resources for fisher communities, access to these resources is vital for their survival.
Not only do new marine developments create concerns for sustainability, the notion of spatial planning at sea also causes concern for decreased mobility and consumption of space among fishermen.
Social capital refers to practices, values and sets of norms found within different forms of social networks or communities which can contribute to the collaboration, functioning and collective action of the network.
Social capital can be produced within a community bondingbetween different kinds of communities bridging or across scales and hierarchical structures linking. Community resilience theory assumes that community members can act as agents of change, whereby they use different strategies to ensure the survival of the community in face of change.
For example by engaging in social relation within and beyond the boundaries of the community to mobilize resources or gain power. By conducting qualitative interviews with fishermen, representatives of fisher organizations, researchers and policy makers, I have gained insight in the different ways in which the Orkney inshore shellfish fisher community employs and continues to develop its community social capital in order to collaborate, mobilize resources to generate information to reframe the definition and formal representation of marine space and to gain power in future marine spatial planning negotiations.
Although social capital seems to be an enabling factor for participation in policy making, this research has shown that it is not a community asset which can be readily mobilized.
Having social capital, does thus not equal having agency to act. Social organization of fishermen in fisher organizations has shown to be an important enabling factor for participation in marine spatial planning, in Orkney.MSc theses is a collection of online, publicly available MSc students' theses successfully defended at Wageningen University.
Subjects covered include Food and Food Production, Plant and Animal Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Economics and Society (MSc-programmes).
Dr. Pearce is a CRN Fellow in Geography with the Sustainability Research Centre at the University of the Sunshine Coast (USC) and Adjunct Faculty in the Department of . There are no entrance examination at most universities in the Netherlands, and the application procedure starts when prospective student provides international office the required documents.
Report: P Internship Report August-December At Faunagua, Bolivia Student Amber Beerman () Program MSc. Biology, Wageningen University and Research centre. Wageningen University Master Thesis Student: Mozhi Zhou Registration number: ì MSc Development and Rural Innovation Thesis code: COM- ô ì ð ï ì.
»Academic & industry training in a two year, accredited MSc programme» Combine international experience with exposure to diverse universities, companies and cultures» Project management skills developed in a real-world case collaboration» 9-month thesis project of applied research with one of our partner companies.